Before mentioning the biggest dams in India, let us first understand what a dam is.
A dam is a kind of barrier that is built to restrict water flow. The concept of dams is a great one due to the reason that it helps conserve the environment in many ways. In ancient times, there were weirs and barrages built on small streams in the country that helped in irrigation and served drinking purpose. With development, they took the form of dams which allow a series of benefits. Dams help suppress floods and provide water for human consumption, industrial use, irrigation, navigation, and aquaculture.
Dams also provide hydroelectric power production, control water levels and produce renewable energy.
But these dams do come with disadvantages also. They disturb the natural ecosystem of aquatic life. The natural flow of streams is also disturbed. So dams too can be bad for the environment.
Ten Biggest Dams In India
India is home to about 3200 major and medium dams and barrages that had been built by 2012. Today there are 70 dams in the country.
The biggest dams in India differ in their power producing capacities.
Following are the ten biggest dams in India:
10. Pong Dam
It’s a 437-feet tall dam that has been built on the Beas river in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The dam is special due to the reason that it is a bird sanctuary as well as that it allows water sports. A nice place for visitors, the dam serves the common purposes of irrigation and hydroelectricity to the nearby areas.
9. Cheruthoni Dam
It’s a 453 feet tall dam and sits along the Cheruthoni river in Kerala. It was built as a part of the Idukki hydroelectric project. It serves as a playground for kids and the visitors can sip coffee from the shops that stand there.
8. Chamera Dam
It’s a hydroelectric dam that is located on the Ravi river in Himachal Pradesh. It stands 460 feet tall and opened in the year 1994. Chamera Lake’s reservoir allows tourism, boating, and fishing. It’s a beautiful place with its woodlands and valleys.
7. Baglihar Dam
Its height is 470 feet. The dam’s basic function is to provide hydroelectric power to the communities nearby. Located along the Chenab river in Jammu and Kashmir, it finally got constructed in the year 2009.
6. Ranjit Sagar Dam
The main function of the Ranjit Sagar Dam is to control floods and fulfill the hydroelectric and irrigation needs. It has been built along the Ravi river in Punjab state of India. With a height of 475 feet, the dam attracts a number of tourists. For the visitors, it should be noted that they need identity proof and permission if they enter from the Jugial barrier.
5. Srisailam Dam
It is ten miles away from the city of Srisailam. 475 feet is the height and the dam stands in the state of Telangana. It’s a hydroelectric and irrigation dam. It’s again a great tourist destination.
4. Sardar Sarovar Gujarat Dam
Being one of the biggest dams in India, it stands along the river Narmada, one of the major rivers of India. It has a height of 535 feet. The dam is a good educational place as it serves major water purposes in the western part of the country. It is connected with several canal structures and holds water up to 4.75 million acres.
3. Bhakra Dam
Again it’s among the biggest dams in India. It’s a well-known name in the country. It was built along the Satluj river in 1963. Its water reservoir, the Gobind Sagar, provides water sports facilities for tourists. Its height is 551 feet. The dam produces 2400 MW of power which is the maximum capacity.
2. Idukki Arch Dam
It stands 555 feet tall along the Periyar river. It was built in 1974 for hydroelectric needs. As the name suggests, it is an arch dam that is between the Kurathimala and Kuravanmala mountains. There is Idukki valley 75 miles away from the dam, that consists of several hill towns that are a great place for tourists.
1. Tehri Dam
It is the highest dam in India with a height of 855 feet. Located in Uttarakhand on the Bhagirathi river, it primarily serves irrigation and hydroelectric purposes. Tehri Lake reservoir allows boating for the tourists. The dam stands second in Asia and eighth in the world as the biggest dam.
The above-mentioned list consists of the tallest dams of India. The other names of the biggest dams in India include Indira Sagar Dam, Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Hirakud Dam, Krishnarajasagar Dam, Rihand Dam, Mettur Dam, Koyna Dam, Tungabhadra Dam and many more.
|Properties||Tehri Dam||Idukki Arch Dam||Bhakra Dam||Sardar Sarovar Gujarat Dam||Srisailam Dam||Ranjit Sagar Dam||Baglihar Dam||Chamera Dam||Cheruthoni Dam||Pong Dam|
|River||Bhagirathi river||Periyar river||Satluj river||Narmada||Krishna River||Ravi river||Chenab river||Ravi river||Cheruthoni river||Beas river|
|State||Uttarakhand||Kerala||Himachal Pradesh||Gujarat||Telangana||Punjab||Jammu & Kashmir||Himachal Pradesh||Kerala||Himachal Pradesh|