All of us have read about hardware and software and most of us even know the meaning and uses of the two. A computer cannot work without the two, as without hardware, the software will find no place. Most of the development of today is because of them. So let us study some facts about both of them and their differences between hardware and software.
Hardware refers to the devices that can be physically touched and that give a platform for the software to run on. It is the hardware on which we work as users to carry out various functions. Examples of hardware are computer display monitor, CD-ROM, keyboard, mouse, motherboard, printer and video cards. Hardware refers to a device like a hard drive. Hardware is connected to the computer system in a direct way. Peripherals are the hardware devices that are not necessarily required by a computer like a mouse, printer and sound card.
Software is the collection of various programs and instructions. The programs are being developed to suit the requirements of the developer. So their collection lets the users work with increased efficiency and greater effectiveness. Software is developed by using programming languages and the conversion is done by interpreters and compilers.
Software is of three types – application software, system software and malicious software. The application software performs some basic functions and provides codes for varying purposes. The second one increases the functionality of computer systems and users. It works directly on the hardware. Malicious software or malware is built to harm the computer system.
Now let us see the differences between hardware and software.
Differences Between Hardware And Software
We can find a lot of differences between hardware and software. These are as follows:
• Varying uses
Hardware is responsible for providing the user with speed. It is on the basis of this speed that the whole computer system functions. Software is used to give meaning to the hardware. Without software, the hardware is of no use. The software makes the hardware functional and is responsible for enhancing the hardware’s effectiveness.
As mentioned before, the hardware is tangible as it can be touched, while software cannot be touched. Hardware is physical while the software is logical.
Hardware can be divided into types like input and output devices, processing unit and storage devices and various components. The software has been divided into three types.
One of the important differences between hardware and software, one is that hardware performs the tasks of a delivery system for various types of software solutions. Software’s main task is to carry out tasks along with the hardware. It makes the hardware functional. It is the body behind the overall functioning of the operating system.
Hardware is not changed on a frequent basis. But software can be easily and accordingly modified, created or erased.
Another difference between hardware and software is that the former can come across failures from time to time but it is not so in case of software. Software generally does not go through many failures. Hardware devices are physical components and therefore have a certain life.
Hardware is visible normally to the eyes but software can’t be as it is just a collection of programs. The software cannot be felt as the name suggests.
The firewalls in relation to hardware are being found in broadband routers as well as allied devices. In the case of software, firewalls are customized to suit the individual security requirements of the users. It is with software, that mostly used firewalls are the choice of users.
Hardware is dependent upon software while the software is dependent upon hardware. The software needs a device to run on and hardware requires programs to be meaningful to the user. This cannot be called a clear-cut difference between hardware and software but is something to be noted.
• Virus attacks
The software can be attacked by viruses but hardware is not directly affected by them.
Hence, differences between hardware and software are many.
|Varying uses||Responsible for Providing the Speed To The Devices.||Responsible For Proper Functioning Of Hardware As It Is The Soul Of A device.|
|Nature||Hardware Is Physical In Nature.||While Software Is Logical In Nature.|
|Types||Hardware Can Be Divided Into Various Parts Like Input Devices, Output Devices, Processing Units, Storage Units and Several More.||While Software Only Has Three Types As Mentioned Above.|
|Functionality||Hardware performs the tasks of a delivery system for various types of software solutions.||Software’s main task is to carry out tasks along with the hardware.|
|Changes||Hardware Can't be changed on Frequent Basis.||But Software can be changed accordingly and easily.|
|Failure||Hardware's can come across failures from time to time because of fixed life of hardware components.||Software generally does not go through many failures.|
|Appearance||Hardware is visible normally to the eyes.||software can’t be seen as it is just a collection of programs.|
|Firewalls||Firewalls is Limited to some devices like Routers.||In Software's, firewalls are customized to suit the individual security requirements of the users.|
|Virus attacks||Hardware is not directly affected by viruses.||The software can be attacked by viruses.|
It is clear that the two differ greatly, but it is also true that both are interdependent upon each other. The users are further dependent upon the two as one of the two is not enough to carry out any meaningful task. The differences between hardware and software clearly depict the system of a computer.